Ernesta Swanepoel Environmental Law Specialist



Legal opinion and research on the South African Weather Service Act, 8 of 2001, as amended.

Legal opinion on South African National Environmental Laws and the respective management and authorization regimes, commissioned by Terra Firma Solutions

  • National Environmental Management Act 107 of 1998
  • National Environmental Management Act: Waste Act 59 of 2008
  • National Environmental Management Act: Air Quality Act 39 of 2004
  • National Water Act 36 of 1998

Legal review of and comment conducted for International Ocean Institute South Africa (IOI-SA) on the draft Ballast Water Bill and Regulations mandated by the Department of Transport, commissioned by IMBEWU.

Legal review of the applicability of South African national legislation on carbon capture and storage activities in South Africa: “Carbon capture and storage, towards a regulatory and legal regime country study: South Africa” (Co- authored with Professor Jan Glazewski and Mr. Andrew Gilder)


International Ocean Institute-Southern Africa (IOI-SA): UNEP - Abidjan Convention: First Meeting of the Panel of Experts on Ocean Governance for Africa
Technical input and expertise

Imbewu – Sustainability Legal Specialists
Legal review of and comment on Draft Ballast Water Bill And Regulations as part of the International Ocean Institute Southern Africa’s team for The Department Of Transport

Research and drafting – CDKN policy brief: Inside Story: South Africa's municipal integrated development plans / South African local governments and climate change (co-author of policy paper commissioned by IMBEWU Sustainability Legal Specialists)

Warburton Gunn Attorneys
UNFCCC CDM Policy Dialogue: In collaboration with Warburton Gunn Attorneys' Mr. Andrew Gilder, co-responsibility for the necessary analysis, research and drafting on the possible strengthening of the CDM stakeholder consultation process and the role of civil society in the CDM project cycle. Acted as the primary liaison, on behalf of Warburton Gunn Attorneys, with the lead author, Mr. Mischa Classen of First Climate who was responsible for the research areas related to the Governance of the CDM.

Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa (WESSA)
Research and drafting of an information note on Green Economy


One United Nations Training Service Platform on Climate Change: UN CC Learn

Main content developer for the Introductory E - course on Climate Change consisting out of the following six modules:

  • Climate Change Science
  • International Legal and Policy Framework for Climate Change
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • Climate Change Mitigation and Low Carbon Development
  • Climate Change Finance
  • Planning for Climate Change

International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
Legal Preparedness for Climate Change: Course Moderator

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
International Environmental Law Programme: Course Moderator

Climate Change Programme: Project support and climate change training and capacity development

International Ocean Institute-Southern Africa (IOI-SA)
Subject matter expert for the development of selected modules of the Regional Ocean Governance Course developed by IOI-SA in collaboration with IOI headquarters and the International Maritime Organization (IMO)

Lecturer at the Regional Ocean Governance Course

Cameron Cross Inc – Environmental Health and Safety Law Specialists:
Climate change capacity development

Continuing Education University of Pretoria (CE AT UP)
Lecturer: Climate Change, National Environmental Law

Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa (WESSA)
Developing training materials for WESSA as the Implementing Agency of the SADC Regional Environmental Education Programme. Materials to be used for the SADC/GIZ TFCA Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Training project.


International Labour Organization (ILO)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) - COP 17 Delegation

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
Assistant to UNITAR at the annual meeting of the United Nations Secretary General and the Special Representatives to the Secretary General.

Member of working group responsible for the UNITAR strategic reform plan and biannual retreat; Facilitating the reform process and drafting of the strategic plan

Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa (WESSA)
Support to the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) Africa Workshop: Ecosystem-based Adaptation: A framework for decision-making and drafting of workshop report

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